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USA: Senators introduce bipartisan AI framework

On September 8, 2023, US Senator, Richard Blumenthal, announced on Twitter that they, along with US Senator, Josh Hawley, introduced a bipartisan framework for the US AI Act. According to Blumenthal, the bipartisan framework is a comprehensive legislative blueprint for real and enforceable artificial intelligence (AI) protections.

More specifically, the bipartisan framework would:

  • Establish a licensing regime administered by an independent oversight body for companies developing sophisticated general-purpose high-risk AI models. In particular, the licensing requirements would include registration of information about the AI models and would be conditioned on developers maintaining risk management, data governance, and incident reporting.
  • Provide for Congress to ensure legal accountability for harm, in particular, to hold companies liable through oversight body enforcement and private rights of action in case of privacy breach, and to prevent harms from emerging AI, such as deepfakes.
  • Introduce export controls and limit the transfer of AI models to certain third countries taking into account human rights violations to defend national security and international competition.
  • Require Congress to promote transparency by requiring developers to disclose the essential information about training data, limitations, accuracy, and safety of the AI models, provide affirmative notices to users that they are interacting with the AI model, provide watermark or technical disclosure of AI-generated deepfakes, and would require the AI oversight body to establish a public database and reporting so that consumers have easy access to AI models.
  • Provide for the protection of consumers and children by requiring the companies deploying high-risk AI to implement 'safety brakes,' including giving notice when AI is being used to make adverse decisions, providing the right to human review, as well as implementing strict limits on AI involving children. 

You can read the post on Twitter here.

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