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International: OECD updates AI Principles

On May 5, 2024, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) announced that it revised the OECD Principles on Artificial Intelligence (the Principles). In particular, the revisions address the emergence of general-purpose and generative artificial intelligence (AI) and the associated challenges involving privacy, intellectual property rights, safety, and information integrity.

Background

The Recommendation of the OECD Council on AI, incorporating the Principles, was adopted on May 22, 2019 (the Recommendation) and includes, among others, the following:

  • definitions encouraging international interoperability, such as definitions of an AI system and its lifecycle, AI actors, and AI knowledge;
  • the Principles, which include:
    • inclusive growth, sustainable development, and well-being;
    • respect for the rule of law, human rights, and democratic values, including fairness and privacy;
    • transparency and explainability of disclosures regarding AI systems;
    • robustness, security, and safety of the AI systems during their lifecycle; and
    • accountability for the proper functioning of AI systems; and
  • recommendations for national policies and international cooperation for trustworthy AI, which include:
    • investing in AI research and development;
    • fostering the development of, and access to, an inclusive, dynamic, sustainable, and interoperable digital ecosystem for trustworthy AI;
    • shaping and enabling interoperable governance and policy environment for AI;
    • building human capacity and preparing for labor market transformation; and
    • actively cooperating to advance these principles and progress toward responsible stewardship of trustworthy AI.
Revised elements

The OECD outlined that the key elements of the OECD revisions include:

  • addressing safety concerns, so that if AI systems risk causing undue harm or exhibit undesired behavior, robust mechanisms, and safeguards exist to override, repair, and/or decommission them safely;
  • reflecting the growing importance of addressing mis- and disinformation, and safeguarding information integrity in the context of generative AI;
  • emphasizing responsible business conduct throughout the AI system lifecycle, involving cooperation with suppliers of AI knowledge and AI resources, AI system users, and other stakeholders;
  • clarifying the information regarding AI systems that constitute transparency and responsible disclosure;
  • explicitly referencing environmental sustainability; and
  • underscoring the need for jurisdictions to work together to promote interoperable governance and policy environments for AI.

You can read the press release here and the Recommendations, including the updated Principles, here.