International: OECD publishes report on blueprint for building national compute capacity for AI
The Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development ('OECD') published, on 28 February 2023, a report on a blueprint for building national compute capacity for artificial intelligence ('AI'). In particular, the report highlights that no country today has data on, or a targeted plan for, national AI compute capacity. In this regard, the report provides the first blueprint for policy makers to help assess and plan for the national AI compute capacity needed to enable productivity gains and capture AI's full economic potential.
More specifically, the report provides guidance for policy makers on how to develop a national AI compute plan along three dimensions, namely:
- capacity (availability and use);
- effectiveness (people, policy, innovation, and access); and
- resilience (security, sovereignty, and sustainability).
Lastly, among other things, the report warns that an imbalance in AI compute resources risks reinforcing socioeconomic divides, creating further differences in competitive advantage and productivity gains.