International: Berlin Group publishes working paper on smart cities
The Federal Commissioner for Data Protection and Freedom of Information (BfDI) announced, on September 8, 2023, that the International Working Group on Data Protection in Technology (the Berlin Group) had released a working paper on smart cities, which includes recommendations to service providers and regulators.
The working paper presents a series of data protection and privacy principles relating to each of the stages of data use in a city context, namely:
- data collection, e.g., images produced by CCTV and re-use of data held by public authorities;
- data analysis, e.g., traffic flow management using artificial intelligence (AI) and profiling to predict a person's location or movement through the city; and
- decision, e.g., management of city resources such as public transportation.
In summary, the working paper calls on all stakeholders involved to be aware of the principles of data protection and to implement them according to the recommendations included therein in order to avoid violations of the fundamental right to privacy.