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Connecticut: Public sector bill on AI and privacy signed by Governor and becomes law

On June 7, 2023, Senate Bill 1103 for an Act concerning Artificial intelligence, automated decision-making and personal data privacy was signed by the Governor of Connecticut. In particular, Sections 1 to 3 of the Act shall take effect from July 1, 2023, Section 4 of the Act from October 1, 2023, and Section 5 of the Act will take effect from the passage of the Act.


Moreover, the Act provides a definition of artificial intelligence (AI) as:

  • an artificial system that:
    • performs tasks under varying and unpredictable circumstances without significant human oversight or can learn from experience and improve such performance when exposed to data sets;
    • is developed in any context, including, but not limited to, software or physical hardware, and solves tasks requiring human-like perception, cognition, planning, learning, communication or physical action; or
    • is designed to;
      • think or act like a human, including, but not limited to, a cognitive architecture or neural network; or
      • act rationally, including, but not limited to, an intelligent software agent or embodied robot that achieves goals using perception, planning, reasoning, learning, communication, decision-making or action; or
  • a set of techniques, including, but not limited to, machine learning, that is designed to approximate a cognitive task.


In addition, the Act provides that the Department of Administrative Services, not later than December 31, 2023, and annually thereafter, must conduct an inventory of all systems that employ AI and are in use by any state agency. In particular, the Act provides that each inventory shall include at least the following information for each system:

  • the name of such system and the vendor, if any, that provided such system;
  • a description of the general capabilities and uses of such a system;
  • whether such system was used to independently make, inform, or materially support a conclusion, decision, or judgment; and
  • whether such a system underwent an impact assessment prior to implementation.

You can read the Act here and track its progress here.