Canada: Privacy Commissioner discusses privacy law reform and risks of AI
On September 28, 2023, Privacy Commissioner, Philippe Dufresne, appeared before the Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Innovation and Technology to discuss Bill C-27, the Digital Charter Implementation Act which would enact the Consumer Privacy Protection Act (CPPA), the Personal Information and Data Protection Tribunal Act, and the Artificial Intelligence and Data Act (AIDA). Commissioner Dufresne highlighted that Bill C-27 is an improvement over both the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA), and Bill C-11 for the Digital Charter Implementation Act (DCIA), as it addresses concerns that were previously raised by the Privacy Commissioner of Canada (OPC).
Commissioner Dufresne explained that, although the AIDA does not specifically address privacy risks, the CPPA would apply to the processing of personal information within artificial intelligence (AI) systems. On privacy reform, Commissioner Dufresne explained that Bill C-27 is a step in the right direction but should go further to protect the fundamental privacy rights of Canadians while supporting the public interest and innovation, highlighting its written submission to the Committee in which it outlined 15 key recommendations needed to improve and strengthen Bill C-27.