Newfoundland and Labrador
Law: Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act, SNL 2015 c A-1.2 ('the Act'). Please note that the Act applies to public bodies only. Private organisations are regulated at the federal level by the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act 2000 ('PIPEDA').
Regulator: Office of the Information and Privacy Commissioner for Newfoundland and Labrador ('OIPC')
Summary: The OIPC acts as an independent reviewer in the administration of both the Act and the Personal Health Information Act ('PHIA'). It is important to note the distinction between the Access to Information and Privacy Protection ('AITPP') Office and the OIPC, with the former primary responsible for the overall administration and coordination of the legislation. In addition, Newfoundland and Labrador joins many provinces in establishing rules regarding how personal health information ('PHI') is handled for both public and private sector organisations. Although, the PHIA guarantees protections for the use, disclosure, access, and confidentiality of PHI, the OIPC has limited powers of enforcement, including, in particular, reviewing complaints and making recommendations to ensure compliance.