Law: Protection of Privacy Law, 5741-1981 (unofficial translation) ('PPL') and Protection of Privacy Regulations (Data Security) 5777-2017 (unofficial translation) ('the Data Security Regulations')
Regulator: Privacy Protection Authority ('PPA')
Summary: In the State of Israel, data protection is mainly governed by the PPL and the Data Security Regulations, as well as by further topic-specific regulations such as the Protection of Privacy Regulations (Transfer of Information to Databases outside of the State's Boundaries), 5761-2001 (only available in Hebrew here). Israel does not have a written constitution, but the right to privacy is considered a fundamental right under the Basic Law: Human Dignity and Liberty, 5752-1992. The PPA (previously the Israeli Law, Information and Technology Authority ('ILITA')), is one of the more active data protection authorities in the Middle East, and has regularly issued detailed non-binding guidelines and reports, some of which are available in English. The head of the PPA also serves as the Registrar of Databases and thus monitors data processing notifications. Israel was granted an adequacy decision by the European Commission.