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Law: There is no general personal data protection law.

Regulator: There is no data protection authority.

Summary: Whilst there is no general data protection law in Bangladesh, the Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh provides a right to privacy of correspondence and other means of communication. In addition, the Information Communication Technology Act 2006 (only available in Bengali here) ('the ICT Act'), and Digital Security Act 2018 contain provision related to cybersecurity and data protection including personal information protection in relation critical information infrastructure, digital devices, and computer systems. Sectoral legislation in the field of finance also provides data retention requirements, restrictions on data transfers, and data localisation requirements.

On July 24, 2023, the Department of Information and Communication Technology released, a draft Data Protection Act 2023 (only available in Bengali here) ('Draft Law') which applies to the processing of personal data of the residents of Bangladesh and to data processing that is not carried out in Bangladesh, but offers goods and services to the residents of Bangladesh. In addition, the Draft Law establishes obligations for data controllers and processors such as requirements associated with data security, conducting Data Protection Impact Assessments ('DPIA'), and Data Protection by Design. Furthermore, the Draft Law outlines data processing principles, provisions on data collection, data retention requirements, rights of data subjects, data transfers, data storage, penalties, among other things.


Nasir Doulah, Partner at Doulah & Doulah, explores the main cybersecurity regulations in Bangladesh, focusing on the ICT Act and the Cybersecurity Act. 

In this Insight article, Asif Hasan and Alfaed Salahuddin, from Tanjib Alam and Associates, explore the key provisions of the proposed draft Data Protection Act, 2023 (the Bill), emphasizing its aim to address the longstanding need for robust supervision of individual data protection and processing within and outside Bangladesh.