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UK: AI (Regulation) Bill passes third reading

On May 10, 2024, the Artificial Intelligence (Regulation) Bill passed its third reading. Consequently, the bill proceeds to the House of Commons for consideration.


The bill defines AI as technology enabling the programming or training of a device or software to:

  • perceive environments through the use of data;
  • interpret data using automated processing designed to approximate cognitive abilities; and
  • make recommendations, predictions, or decisions with a view to achieving a specific objective.

In addition, AI includes generative AI, meaning deep or large language models able to generate text and other content based on the data on which they were trained.

AI Authority and principles

Moreover, the bill establishes an AI Authority and outlines principles that the AI Authority must consider when regulating AI, including:

  • safety, security, and robustness;
  • appropriate transparency and explainability;
  • fairness;
  • accountability and governance; and
  • contestability and redress.

You can read the bill here and track its progress here.