Law: Law No. 81 on Personal Data Protection 2019 (only available in Spanish here) ('the Law'), and Executive Decree No. 285 of 18 May 2021 that regulates Law No. 81 on Personal Data Protection (only available to download in Spanish here)
Regulator: National Authority for Transparency and Access to Information ('ANTAI')
Summary: The Law entered into force on 29 March 2021. The Law, which is further regulated by Executive Decree No. 285, governs the principles, rights, obligations, and procedures in relation to the protection of personal data in Panama. More specifically, the law provides for, among other things, consent procedures for the processing of personal data, obligations for the cross-border processing of personal data originating in Panama, and a Personal Data Protection Council with advising power and functions.
In addition, there are several other laws, such as the National Constitution of the Republic of Panama, which regulate personal data protection. The Constitution outlines the right to privacy of personal communications and documents, the right to access information contained in databases held by public bodies or by private persons providing public services, as well as to request the correction, rectification, or deletion of such information.